The use of platelet-rich plasma in the treatment of greater trochanteric pain syndrome: a systematic literature review.
This review aims to determine whether platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has any role in improving clinical outcomes in patients with symptomatic greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS). A search of NICE healthcare database advanced search (HDAS) via Athens (PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and AMED databases) was conducted from their year of inception to April 2018 with the keywords: 'greater trochanteric pain syndrome' or 'GTPS' or 'gluteus medius' or 'trochanteric bursitis' and 'platelet rich plasma' (PRP). A quality assessment was performed using the JADAD score for RCTs and MINORS for non-RCT studies. Five full-text articles were included for analysis consisting of three RCTs and two case series. We also identified four additional studies from published conference abstracts (one RCT and three case series). The mean age in 209 patients was 58.4 years (range 48-76.2 years). The majority of patients were females and the minimum duration of symptoms was three months. Diagnosis was made using ultrasound or MRI. Included studies used a variety of outcome measures. Improvement was observed during the first 3 months after injection. Significant improvement was also noted when patients were followed up till 12 months post treatment. PRP seems a viable alternative injectable option for GTPS refractory to conservative measures. The current literature has revealed that PRP is relatively safe and can be effective. Considering the limitations in these studies, more large-sample and high-quality randomized clinical trials are required in the future to provide further evidence of the efficacy for PRP as a treatment in GTPS.