Role of routine oesophago-gastroduodenoscopy before cholecystectomy.
INTRODUCTION: A proportion of patients do not get symptomatic relief after cholecystectomy because there is an overlap in the symptomology of biliary and gasroduodenal pathologies. In our unit all the patients are offered gastroscopy prior to Cholecystectomy. Aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of gastroscopy in all patients with upper abdominal pain irrespective of ultrasound findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out, between Jan 2001-Oct 2003. All the patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy by a single surgeon were studied. Group 1 (n = 61) were not endoscoped before the operation (Jan 2001-May 2002). Group 2 (n = 60) had routine endoscopy carried out before surgery (June 2002-October 2003). The results were entered in a database and analyzed. RESULTS: Total of 240 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were carried out. Female to male ratio was 4:1. In Group 1, the recurrence or persistence of symptoms was 20/61 (32.78%) patients who were not scoped. In Group 2, all patients were scoped with positive findings in 35% of the patients. All were treated for the pathology and only 2(3.3%) had recurrence or persistence of symptoms. CONCLUSION: The routine use of gastroscopy before laparoscopic cholecystectomy helps to reduce persistence of symptoms and is recommended.
- Specialist Medicine